Monday, April 2, 2012

The Difference Between a Text Book and a Trade Book

This weekend I had the pleasure of being on a panel with 4 extraordinary nonfiction authors – April Pulley Sayer, Loree Griffin Burns, Pamela Turner and Sallie Wolf. We were speaking at the National Science Teachers Association Conference in Indianapolis.  Along with educators who have served on the NSTA/CBC Outstanding Trade Book Committee, we were there to talk about Science and Literacy. I was flattered to be included on such an illustrious panel, but also a little intimidated. However I soon felt right at home when we all met each other for the first time.

Writing is such a solitary endeavor that it is a great treat to talk to people with like minds. I loved hearing that Loree and Pamela both had aspirations to be a scientist as I did, and like me put those dreams aside for marriage and children. Some people may condemn us for “settling” or giving in to traditional pressures, but those people do not realize that we have the best of both worlds. As nonfiction science writers we are every bit as driven and committed to science as we would be if we wore a lab coat. Our commitment is to make science accessible to children, who are the most receptive and eager to learn it. One science teacher I met at NSTA mentioned a research paper that stated most scientists got hooked on science when they were 8 or 10 years old. I love to hear that. Because I feel like it is my job to dangle that well-baited hook in the water with my books, and I’m sure my fellow panelists would agree.

“Do you know the difference between a text book and a trade book?” our moderator Wendy Saul, professor at University of Missouri, asked in the introduction.  “No one steals a text book.”    With a little prompting the teachers in attendance also came to the conclusion that trade books reflect the author’s passion for her subject and relates that passion “elegantly as well as truthfully.”

April Sayre’s Book Trout, Trout, Trout: A Fish ChantApril mentioned her love of the “scientific voice” and filling kids with “delicious words,” which she does so brilliantly in her chants like, Trout, Trout, Trout, and Rah, Rah Radishes.

HIVE DETECTIVES CoverAnother attendee mentioned that text books are designed to give you all the answers, but trade books leave you asking questions. I liked that. Loree said that in her books, like The Hive Detectives, she tried to present information and then ask, “So, what do you think?” And Pam, too, leaves room for the child to wonder, to think and make up their own minds. She gave the example that in her new book about dolphin cognition, she lays out all the information about how smart dolphins are and then poses the ethical question of whether these animals should be kept in captivity. She guides but does not dictate. She makes children think.

And when children are allowed to think then all sorts of wonderful things happen. Sallie mentioned that her love of nature was nurtured by teachers, especially one teacher who taught her how to band birds, and observe nature, a habit that led to her newest book A Robin Makes a Laughing Sound, which contains poetry, observations and sketches that came directly out of her personal journals. Sallie encourages kids to "live in the questions."  I love that!

Hmmm -- Personal observation and discovery, delicious words, guiding and thought provoking, elegant and truthful – sounds like a nonfiction trade book to me.

At the end of our session, a teacher approached me and held up For the Birds. “I love this book,” he said. “If I had had this book as a kid, this would have been the book I would have kept always.” I just beamed. There is no higher honor than to be the author of a child’s treasured book – especially when it is a nonfiction trade book.

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